Biometrics are unique physical characteristics that can be used for automated recognition. Read here all about the types of biometrics.
In an age when cybersecurity reigns supreme, and we look for innovative ways to thwart cyberattacks, biometrics is the future. As the internet expands, and our digitalized forms of life infiltrate society, the world needs more advanced security systems.
Every time you look at your iPhone, you’re looking at a biometric security system. But facial recognition is just the tip of the iceberg. Many types of biometrics can benefit society.
Read on to discover what types of biometrics could benefit your life.
What Are Biometrics
Biometrics are physical or behavioral attributes used to identify people. These attributes are converted into technology and help businesses tighten their security systems.
These physical or behavioral attributes can be used in many different business settings. They can be used to access various business systems, devices, or data.
Facial patterns, typing cadence, fingerprints, and voice identification are all examples of the different types of biometrics. Biometrics provide more in-depth security systems and bolster defenses against things such as identity and data theft.
Imagine a business world where the only way to access sensitive information is by having the right clearance. It seems the age of always having to change your passwords is drawing to a close.
The benefits are clear with biometrics, but with such a sensitive technology, some ethical concerns arise. Employers need to be careful with how they implement these technologies so employee data can’t be stolen.
If companies continue to monitor how their biometrics strategy, there’s no reason why biometrics shouldn’t be a groundbreaking method of security.
Types of Biometrics
The different types of biometrics relate to specific human attributes. There are two categories of biometrics; physical and behavioral. Physical identifiers scan based on the physical characteristics of the person identified. Behavioral identifiers examine for human behavioral traits.
Physical Biometrics: Fingerprints
Fingerprint scanners used to be a technology that only existed in science fiction movies. But over the past two decades, fingerprint scanners have become an integral part of the average business’s security system.
With fingerprint systems on smartphones, computer mouses, and door handles, fingerprint biometrics are commonplace nowadays.
Physical Biometrics: Photo and Video
Video and photo biometrics use retinal scans to identify people. The video or camera scans the employee’s retina, and based on their specific eye pattern, allows security access.
Physical Biometrics: Physiological Recognition
Behind fingerprints, facial recognition is starting to make its way into the mainstream. Other examples of physiological recognition techniques are hand geometry recognition, palm vein recognition, and ear recognition.
The other types of physiological recognition are not quite as easy to use or inexpensive as facial recognition, but they might offer increased security and other uses. For example, retina scanning can potentially predict an individual’s risk of a heart attack.
Physical Biometrics: Voice Recognition
Voice recognition is a standard security clearance technique for telephone-based portals. This type of biometric can recognize your voice-based on its pitch and timbre and is an effective way to identify employees.
Behavioral Biometrics: Signature
Digital signature scanners provide authentication based on the way your signing patterns. These systems are an example of behavioral biometrics since they don’t use a physical characteristic to identify the employee or citizen.
Digital signature scanners are conventional in banks and retailers. These systems work well against credit card theft and identity theft.
Types of Biometrics
Biometrics have many potential uses in the world of security and are the future of business security systems. Understanding which types of biometrics fit your business the best ensures that you can cost-effectively introduce those systems.
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